Región y sociedad
versión impresa ISSN 1870-3925
AYALA GARAY, Alma Velia; SCHWENTESIUS RINDERMANN, Rita; GOMEZ CRUZ, Manuel Ángel y ALMAGUER VARGAS, Gustavo. Competitividad del frijol mexicano frente al de Estados Unidos en un contexto de liberalización comercial. Región y sociedad [online]. 2008, vol.20, n.42, pp. 37-62. ISSN 1870-3925.
The loss of profitability of bean farming in Mexico, together with an increase in imports and free market conditions, makes beans less competitiveness in comparison to the United States, Mexico's main trade partner.The objective of this research was to analyze Mexico's bean production competitiveness under free market conditions; at the macro level, competitiveness was negative, due to an overvalued currency that favors import dumping, and also to the fact that bean production is no longer protected by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), because protective tariff were canceled. At the meso level, the establishment of farmers' organizations has favored producers, who have been able to achieve market scale economies, although consolidation is needed. A field study at the micro level, in the state of Chihuahua, showed that production costs are high and yield costs are low, which generates lower competitiveness compared to the United States.
Palabras llave : beans; competitiveness; profitability; policy instruments.