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Región y sociedad

versión impresa ISSN 1870-3925


ZAPATA, Francisco. El sindicalismo y la política laboral en México 1995-1998. Región y sociedad [online]. 2000, vol.12, n.19, pp.3-29. ISSN 1870-3925.

During the period 1982-1998, the Mexican society, economy, and political system were affected by a series of events which generated uncertainty. This uncertainty is evidenced by frequent devaluations, crises in the stock exchange, high levels of inflation, the implementation of adjustment policies, two political assassinations, a radical trade liberalization, the emergence of guerrilla movements, the privatization of state enterprises, and changes that help the entry of foreign investment, to mention but some of the factors in this situation. In a recent period (1995-1998), after the turmoil in 1995, the economy has become more stable. The GNP's growth rate in 1996 was 4.5%, in 1997 5%, and in 1998 4.5%. According to solvent organizations' predictions, the Mexican economy will be on a stable course for the next two or three years, at least until the presidential sucession in 2000. In light of its experience, and despite the seriousness of uncertainty and the political tensions, the country has kept a stability that would have been difficult to maintain in a different context. There are elements in the society, in the economy and in the political system (among which is notable the continuance of corporatism) which have allowed the country to confront this uncertainty and to set up compensations which have had positive effects as measured by the solving of many problems.

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