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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versão On-line ISSN 2007-8706versão impressa ISSN 1870-3453

Resumo

AGUIRRE-VILLASENOR, Hugo; CRUZ-ACEVEDO, Edgar  e  SALAS-SINGH, Carolina. New eastern Pacific Ocean record of the rare deep-water fish, Psychrolutes phrictus (Scorpaeniformes: Psychrolutidae). Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.3, pp.1141-1145. ISSN 2007-8706.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.013.

Psychrolutes phrictus is a benthic deep sea fish known from the eastern North Pacific. On 30 March 2008, a specimen of the blob sculpin P. phrictus (297 mm LT) was caught off the Guerrero coast, Mexico (17°45′24″N, 101°59′04″W). The blob sculpin was taken at a depth of 1,100 m within a temperature range of 3.88-4.25 °C, where hypoxic (0.57-0.39 mg/l) conditions prevailed; the specimen was captured over a muddy bottom using a benthic sledge. Representatives of this species had never been reported off the Mexican Pacific coast; our new record extends the known southernmost range by 1,733 km, from 33°19′N to 17°45′N for the American coast. Although high variations in morphometric and meristic values are known for the 4 species of the genus Psychrolutes (P. paradoxus, P. phrictus, P. sigalutes, and P. sio) from the eastern Pacific Ocean, a combination of traits and species distribution allow us to identity this specimen as P. phrictus.

Palavras-chave : Blob sculpin; Benthic; Mexican Pacific coast; Hypoxic conditions; Morphometrics; Meristics.

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