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vol.87 número2Comparación merística y morfométrica de una especie no descrita de matalote del río Culiacán (Catostomus sp.) y el matalote yaqui (Catostomus bernardini) (Catostomidae, Teleostei) de la sierra Madre Occidental, MéxicoMorfología lineal y geométrica en un grupo de lagartijas patagónicas del género Phymaturus (Squamata: Liolaemini) índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versão On-line ISSN 2007-8706versão impressa ISSN 1870-3453

Resumo

BALLESTEROS-CORDOVA, Carlos A. et al. Morphometric and meristic characterization of the endemic Desert chub Gila eremica (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), and its related congeners in Sonora, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.2, pp.390-398. ISSN 2007-8706.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmb.2016.04.008.

The Desert chub, Gila eremicaDeMarais, 1991 is a freshwater fish endemic to Northwest Mexico, being described from the Sonora, Matape and Yaqui River basins in Sonora, Mexico. The recent discovery of 2 isolated small populations from the known distribution for this taxon makes necessary an evaluation to determine their specific taxonomical identities (herein designated as G. cf. eremica). Thirty-three morphometric and 6 meristic characters were evaluated in 219 specimens of several populations of the genus Gila in Sonora, including all the known populations of G. eremica. Morphometric measures based on box-truss protocol were standardized by regression models, and analyzed by means of a discriminant function analysis (DFA). The canonical variables 1 and 2 explained 72.4% of the total variation among analyzed populations. Tree diagram based on squared Mahalanobis distances, as well as scatterplots of centroids, showed G. cf. eremica to be morphologically divergent with respect to known populations of G. eremica as well as the other species analyzed. Box plots indicated a slimmer body and a smaller number of pectoral fin rays, and a higher number of lateral line scales as the most distinguishable characters in G. cf. eremica with respect to nominal G. eremica.

Palavras-chave : Gila cf. eremica; Cyprinidae; New populations; Discriminant function analysis; Northwest Mexico.

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