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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versión On-line ISSN 2007-8706versión impresa ISSN 1870-3453

Resumen

SIQUEIROS-BELTRONES, David A.  y  ARGUMEDO-HERNANDEZ, Uri. Epiphytic diatoms grazed by adult abalone (Haliotis spp.) in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.1, pp.111-122. ISSN 2007-8706.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7550/rmb.47977.

In order to construct the floristic list of diatoms that are grazed by adult abalone, we examined gut contents of wild specimens of green (Haliotis fulgens) and pink abalone (H. corrugata). The hypothesis that mostly epiphytic forms of diatoms, particularly those from Macrocystis pyrifera would be found in the gut contents was tested. To do that, 7 samplings were carried out between March and September (2012) at La Bocana, BCS, México. Four to ten specimens of H. fulgens and H. corrugata ranging from 96 to 173 mm were collected every month approximately. These were dissected and their gut contents extracted, part of which were oxidized in a mixture of commercial alcohol and nitric acid. The cleaned diatoms were mounted on permanent slides using Pleurax mounting media. Diatoms were observed and photographed under a compound microscope with phase contrast and planapochromatic optics. The first floristic list of diatoms that are grazed by adult abalone was thus constructed. This yielded 151 taxa including species and varieties, and 2 new records for the region: Navicula johanrossi and Navicula cluthensis. The best represented among the 61 identified genera were: Cocconeis with 17 especies, Navicula (15), Amphora (15) and Nitzschia (11). These were mostly epiphytic forms, albeit not particularly of M. pyrifera. The high species richness observed confirms that adult Haliotis spp. are not selective when grazing on diatoms.

Palabras llave : Adult abalone; Bacillariophyceae; Gut contents; Floristics; Macroalgae.

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