Revista mexicana de biodiversidad
versión On-line ISSN 2007-8706
CORTES-RAMIREZ, Gala; GORDILLO-MARTINEZ, Alejandro y NAVARRO-SIGUENZA, Adolfo G. Biogeographical patterns of the Yucatán Peninsula birds. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.2, pp. 530-542. ISSN 2007-8706.
We analyzed geographical distribution patterns for the resident, migratory and endemic birds of the Yucatán Peninsula, using data obtained in scientific collections and predicted distributional areas obtained by ecological niche models with the purpose of updating the knowledge about the birds of the area. We examined the similarity between the bird components using a phenetic distance index, and estimated the possible number of species distributed in the peninsula. We recorded the presence of 436 species (of 440 estimated) with the information of database. Five species are endemic to Mexico and 17 quasiendemic. Mexican endemics are distributed in Cozumel Island and in the northwestern portion of the peninsula, in dryer areas with tropical dry forest. Quasiendemic species are distributed in the southeastern portion of the peninsula, mainly in areas with high humidity. Similarity analysis lead to the recognition of 4 major areas, one in the north of the peninsula, the second in the central area, the third in the south, and the fourth being Cozumel Island.
Palabras llave : birds; distributional patterns; similarity analysis; Bray-Curtis index; Yucatán Peninsula.