SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.62 issue2Determination of Six Priority Phthalates and Di(Ethylhexyl) Adipate in Maize Tortilla by Gas Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Multiple Reaction Monitoring ModeElectrochemical Abatement of Atrazine Solutions Using an Undivided Stirred Tank Cell with Pt or BDD Anode author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 1870-249X


SANTOS-HERNANDEZ, Ana Susana et al. Atrazine and 2, 4-D Determination in Corn Samples Using Microwave Assisted Extraction and On-line Solid-phase Extraction Coupled to Liquid Chromatography. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2018, vol.62, n.2, pp.282-294. ISSN 1870-249X.

In this study, on-line sample pretreatment (clean-up and analyte preconcentration) using sequential injection analysis was coupled to high performance liquid chromatography with UV detection (HPLC/UV) for the determination of 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and atrazine in corn samples. Prior to their analysis, microwave-assisted extraction approach for 2,4-D and atrazine in corn samples was carried out using MeOH: H2O (30:70 v/v) solvent at 50°C for 20 min. The on-line SPE-HPLC/UV approach combined reversed solid-phase extraction using Strata X sorbent with MeOH: H2O (80:20 v/v) at 1 mL min-1 as eluent for the enrichment of the analytes. C18 monolithic column with ACN: 10 mM CH3COOH/CH3COONa buffer at pH 4 (20:80, v/v) was employed as mobile phase at 2 mL min-1 flow rate for chromatographic separation of the compounds before UV detection. Enrichment factors up to 13.4 were achieved with a 10 mL sample volume. The developed procedure showed linear response ranges from 0.07-0.70 mg kg−1 for 2,4-D and atrazine with correlation coefficients >0.993. The LODs were 0.03 and 0.02 mg kg-1 for 2,4-D and atrazine, respectively with RSD ranged from 4.0 to 7.2 % at concentration level of 0.07 and 0.30 mg kg-1. The extraction recoveries of 2,4-D and atrazine in corn samples were from 82.6 to 98.2%. The proposed method showed good recoveries and reasonable precision for herbicide analysis in corn samples avoiding the time-consuming batch sample pretreatment step, and thus minimizing risks of sample contamination and analyte losses.

Keywords : herbicide; corn; microwave assisted extraction; on-line SPE-HPLC/UV.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )