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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

versión impresa ISSN 1870-249X

Resumen

AZA-GONZALEZ, César; NUNEZ-PALENIUS, Héctor Gordon  y  OCHOA-ALEJO, Neftalí. Molecular Biology of Chili Pepper Anthocyanin Biosynthesis. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2012, vol.56, n.1, pp.93-98. ISSN 1870-249X.

Chili pepper (Capsicum spp.) is an important horticultural crop worldwide. Chili pepper fruits from different Capsicum species have been highly consumed in Rexico since pre-Columbian times. Some Capsicum species synthesize and accumulate anthocyanins in different tissues and organs. Although the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway has been established for different plant species, very few studies on anthocyanin chemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology of these pigments produced by chili peppers have been reported. In this review we describe the information on the type of anthocyanins synthesized and accumulated in chili pepper, and also on the molecular biology of the biosynthetic pathway. Additionally, we discuss the applications of current knowledge for the genetic manipulation, through genetic engineering, of this trait, and also the future anthocyanin-related research areas in Capsicum.

Palabras llave : Capsicum; chili pepper; anthocyanins.

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