Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 1870-249X
GARCIA-SOSA, Irma y RAMIREZ, Flor de María. Synthesis, Solid and Solution Studies of Paraquat Dichloride Calixarene Complexes. Molecular Modelling. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2010, vol.54, n.3, pp. 143-152. ISSN 1870-249X.
The interaction of the herbicide paraquat dichloride (PQ, substrate) with p-tert-butylcalix[6, 8]arenes (L, receptor) was investigated in both the solution and solid states. The isolated paraquat calixarene complexes were characterised by UV-visible, 1H NMR, ESI-MS, Luminescence and IR spectroscopies and elemental analysis. The stoichiometry of complexes 1 and 2 was 1:1 (1 herbicide:1 calixarene) and both revealed a biexponential luminescence decay with lifetimes depending on the size and the conformational particularity of the calixarenes. Molecular modelling suggested that both calixarenes interact with the herbicide through cation-π interaction. PQ is included in the p-tert-butylcalixarene cavity, a situation favoured by its pinched conformation in polar solvent while it is partially included in the p-tert-butylcalixarene cavity because of its in-out cone conformation. The theoretical results, in particular using MOPAC procedures, were in agreement with the experimental findings.
Palabras llave : Parent calixarenes; Pesticides; Phosphorescence; Augmented Molecular Mechanics Calculations; CONFLEX.