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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 1870-249X


SCHACHT, Leticia; NAVARRETE, Juan; SCHACHT, Persi  and  RAMIREZ, Marco A.. Influence of Vanadium Oxidation States on the Performance of V-Mg-Al Mixed-Oxide Catalysts for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2010, vol.54, n.2, pp.69-73. ISSN 1870-249X.

V-Mg-Al mixed-oxide catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane were prepared by thermal decomposition of Mg-Al-layered double hydroxides with vanadium interlayer doping. The obtained catalysts were tested for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane, obtaining good results in catalytic activity (conversion 16.55 % and selectivity 99.97 %). Results indicated that catalytic performance of these materials depends on how vanadium is integrated in the layered structure, which is determined by the Mg/Al ratio. Vanadium interlayer doping modifies the oxidation state of vanadium and consequently catalytic properties. Surface properties were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic and diffuse reflectance, UV-visible spectroscopy, and temperature programmed reduction (TPR). The analyses provided information about the oxidation state, before and after the reaction. From these results, it is suggested that selectivity to propylene and catalytic activity depend mainly on vanadium oxidation state.

Keywords : V-Mg-Al mixed-oxide; vanadium oxidation XPS; Diffuse reflectance UV-visible spectroscopy; Oxidative Dehydrogenation of propane.

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