Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society
versión impresa ISSN 1870-249X
OLAYO, Ma. Guadalupe et al. Conductivity and Activation Energy in Polymers Synthesized by Plasmas of Thiophene. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2010, vol.54, n.1, pp. 18-23. ISSN 1870-249X.
The electric conductivity, activation energy and morphology of polythiophene synthesized by radiofrequency resistive plasmas are studied in this work. The continuous collisions of particles in the plasma induce the polymerization of thiophene but also break some of the monomer molecules producing complex polymers with thiophene rings and aliphatic hydrocarbon segments. These multidirectional chemical reactions are more marked at longer reaction times in which the morphology of the polymers evolved from smooth surfaces, at low exposure time, to spherical particles with diameter in the 300-1000 nm interval. Between both morphologies, some bubbles are formed on the surface. The intrinsic conductivity of plasma polymers of thiophene synthesized in this way varied in the range of 10-10 to 10-8 S/m; however, the conductivity resulted very sensitive to the water content in the polymers, which produced variations of up to 5 magnitude orders. The activation energy of the intrinsic conductivity was between 0.56 and 1.41 eV, increasing with the reaction time.
Palabras llave : Plasma; Polymerization; Polythiophene; Conductivity; Activation Energy.