SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.49 issue1Celite Catalysed Alkylation of AlkenesHighly Efficient Inversion of the C-3 Configuration in 1,2-0-Isopropylidenefuranose Derivatives by an Adapted Swern Oxidation/Sodium Borohydride Reduction Protocol in One Pot author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 1870-249X

Abstract

FETTER PRUNEDA, Erik; BORRELL ESCOBEDO, Enrique Rivero  and  GARFIAS VAZQUEZ, Francisco Javier. Optimum Temperature in the Electrostatic Desalting of Maya Crude Oil. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2005, vol.49, n.1, pp.14-19. ISSN 1870-249X.

The main variables that impact the crude oil desalting process were analyzed by developing mathematical models that represent the variation of Maya crude oil density, conductivity and viscosity as functions of temperature. An increase in process temperature has two opposite effects. First, a decrease in oil density and viscosity implies a significant increase in the settling rate of water droplets within the oil phase; which allow for a greater amount of oil to be processed. This increases the profit resulting from performing oil desalting. On the other hand, crude oil conductivity increases exponentially with temperature, which implies a higher rate of power consumption. A simulation model was developed to determine the optimum temperature at which a maximum economic benefit occurs. It was concluded that an optimum temperature occurs at 135oC.

Keywords : Maya crude oil; temperature; desalting; viscosity; density; conductivity.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License