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On-line version ISSN 2594-0686Print version ISSN 1870-2333


RAMIREZ RANCANO, Mario. Mexico: The federal army after its dissolution in 1914. Polis [online]. 2005, vol.1, n.2, pp.13-54. ISSN 2594-0686.

According to specialized literature, the federal army, an institution related to the old regime, was officially dissolved in August of 1914 after which the Mexican army was created. But in reality, the federal army was not completely extinguished. When the revolutionary forces split, Francisco Villa, and to a less extent Emiliano Zapata, Pablo González and Venustiano Carranza, absorbed important numbers of ex federal soldiers to reinforce their armies. Due to their knowledge of military armament handling and discipline, each of them chose the middle and high commanders. When the First Chief was consolidated and Villa and Zapata’s power diminished, another two characters linked to the old regime appeared with the intention of reinstating the federal army. We are talking about Victoriano Huerta and Félix Díaz, whose results, surprisingly, in spite of their common origins, were null.

Keywords : Mexican revolution, federal army, dissolution of the federal army; Villista army, Zapatista army, revolutionary army, Huertismo, Felicismo.

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