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Revista IUS

versión impresa ISSN 1870-2147


LEIVA, Claudio Fabricio. The preventive function of civil liability in the Argentine Civil and Commercial Code. Rev. IUS [online]. 2020, vol.14, n.46, pp.243-268.  Epub 02-Dic-2020. ISSN 1870-2147.

The present paper deals with the bases and scope of the preventive function of civil liability, taking into account the doctrinal discussions that the subject has generated. We focus our analysis on its enshrinement in the Civil and Commercial Code that has been in force in the Argentine Nation since 1st August 2015. In Article 1708, this regulatory framework stipulates the duality of functions assigned to preventive and reparatory civil liability, excluding the sanctioning/penalizing function of this framework. In this regard, we highlight that this expressly considers the generic duty of prevention. It is necessary to set out the limits of its enforceability, namely to identify those who fall within the scope of this duty. In order to implement this framework, the legislature has established guidelines for the prevention of damage, which is reflected, moreover, in the content of the court ruling that recognizes an action preventing damages, wherein the judge must consider the least restrictive criteria possible and the most ideal measure to effectively achieve the objective.

Palabras llave : Civil liability; damages; prevention; general duty of prevention; preventive action; requirements for preventive action; legitimation/legitimization/legalization; sentence/ruling/verdict.

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