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Revista IUS

versión impresa ISSN 1870-2147


MAQUEO RAMIREZ, María Solange. Extra-contractual civil liability from the perspective of the economic analysis of the law and behavioural economics. Rev. IUS [online]. 2020, vol.14, n.46, pp.105-128.  Epub 02-Dic-2020. ISSN 1870-2147.

Economic analysis of extra-contractual civil liability focuses on the effects of the various civil liability laws pertaining to the causation of damage, as well as the quantification of the compensation for damage, in terms of the behaviour of both the agent of the damage and the affected parties. This is based on the premise that liability must fulfil the objective of internalizing the costs of the damage, under the assumption of economic rationality, in order to fulfil the dissuasive, preventive and compensatory functions that characterize this legal framework. While this area is widely covered in the literature, little has been written in terms of its implications for codified legal systems. Even less explored are the implications of the suppositions of behavioural economics, whose essential characteristic seeks to dissemble the assumption of rational behaviour. This article analyses the system of extracontractual civil liability set out in the Civil Code of Mexico City, from the perspective of an economic analysis of the law. Moreover, it introduces the results, obtained using an experimental model of behavioural economics, that call into question the search for efficient legal norms that enable the internalization of the costs of the damage.

Palabras llave : Economic analysis of the law; liability; non-contractual liability; compensation; negligence; civil law; behavioural economics.

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