SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue4Prevalence of the xerostomia and its association with geriatric syndromes in elderly patients who assist to a primary care level centerStafne bone cavity in a pediatric patient: report of a case author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista odontológica mexicana

Print version ISSN 1870-199X


GALO, Ericka Elizabeth Valle et al. Characterization of the facial biotype, caries, oral hygiene habits and dietary habits in Lenca native of Intibucá, Honduras. Rev. Odont. Mex [online]. 2018, vol.22, n.4, pp.221-230. ISSN 1870-199X.


To determine the prevalence of caries, oral higiene habits, facial biotype and diet in the Lenca community of Mixcure village, department of Intibucá, Honduras. Material and methods: Surveys were applied to 76 people, aged 2-64 years, also an intra/extra oral clinical evaluation was performed. The study has a quantitative approach, descriptive exploratory scope and nonexperimental cross-sectional design. Results: The predominant facial biotype was leptoprosopus (43%). The Lenca community of Mixcure presents a diet with high carbohydrates consumption, por oral hygiene habits, such as brushing frequencies of one (42%) and two times per day (22%), as well as the use of home oral cleaning aids such as charcoal and salt. Caries was present in 100% of the population studied, with the posterior dentition being the most affected. The CPO-D index for the general sample was 13.9 (very high risk). In individuals with permanent dentition, the CPO-D index was 16.27 with predominance of caries in female gender, in individuals with deciduous dentition the CEO index was 6.45 and in mixed dentition CPO-D index was 19. Conclusions: The results show a high prevalence of caries in the Lenca community of Mixcure, according to WHO criteria, due to several factors, including the lack of dental care available in the region, lack of nutrients in their diet, poor hygiene leading to bacterial plaque accumulation, and therefore to an early dental loss and functional alterations.

Keywords : Facial biotype; caries; Lenca ethnicity; CPO index.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )