SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue4Oral health condition in patients with chronic renal failure under hemodialys treatmentCharacterization of the facial biotype, caries, oral hygiene habits and dietary habits in Lenca native of Intibucá, Honduras author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista odontológica mexicana

Print version ISSN 1870-199X


DIAZ-RAMOS, Julio Alberto et al. Prevalence of the xerostomia and its association with geriatric syndromes in elderly patients who assist to a primary care level center. Rev. Odont. Mex [online]. 2018, vol.22, n.4, pp.214-220. ISSN 1870-199X.


Worldwide aged population is increasing and this is followed by an increase a in negative outcome called geriatric syndromes (GS). A key element of a successful aging is oral health (OH). Alteration of OH components, such as the presence of xerostomia, have been associated with a higher probability of develop some GS. Objectives: Determine the prevalence of xerostomia and its associations between the sociodemographic characteristics, the state of health and some GS in adults of 60 years or older, who attend fi rst level consultation in Mexico. Material and methods: Transverse study in participants of 60 years or more, recruited in 2016. The participants underwent an integral geriatric evaluation (IGE), with which the diagnosis of xerostomia and GS was obtained. The adjusted regression analysis were determined by the confounding variables to establish the association between xerostomia, sociodemographic characteristics and some GS. Results: 264 subjects were included; the average age was 73 years (SD ± 6), women accounted for 60%. In general, 33% reported the presence of xerostomia. After adjusting for age, sex and literacy, multiple logistic regression analysis showed a signifi cant association between xerostomia and some GS (depression and pain). Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of xerostomia is higher in mexican elderly. These results suggest the importance of monitoring the deterioration of oral health, since xerostomia seems to have a negative infl uence on the state of health of the elderly and that the evaluation of xerostomia should be included in the geriatric assessment to prevent GS.

Keywords : Mexico; geriatric síndrome; oral health; elderly patients; xerostomía.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )