Tropical and subtropical agroecosystems
versión On-line ISSN 1870-0462
HERNANDEZ-SOLABAC, José A. Melquíades et al. International migration and technological management in coffee production in two communities in the central area of Veracruz state. Trop. subtrop. agroecosyt [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp.807-818. ISSN 1870-0462.
Veracruz comes third in terms of national coffee production. This sector is facing a crisis due to the fall in prices in the international market, which has resulted amongst other things, in increased emigration to the United States of America (USA). The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between migration and the level of technology employed in coffee production in two communities in the central area of Veracruz State: Capulapa and Zapoapan. Information was obtained through observation and by interviewing the members of 46 family production units (FPU). In Zapoapan, the FPUs which presented the highest level of technological management in their coffee plantations were those with greatest access to capital, as they are more extensive, produce other crops than coffee, have more family members in U.S.A. and receive greater remittances, investing 14 % more in agriculture. In the case of the FPUs in Capulapa, no relationship was observed between the number of international emigrants, the amount of remittances received and the level of technological management. This can be attributed to 83 % of the FPUs cultivating solely coffee and depending on the ups and downs of the international market, thus their socio-economic situation is more precarious and 86 % of remittances are directed towards family sustenance, with only 7 % directed towards agricultural investment.
Palabras llave : Coffea arábica L; coffee production; rural; technological management; remittances.