SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 issue45Garifuna migration, deportations and political asylum within a context of forced displacement author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO



On-line version ISSN 2594-1917Print version ISSN 1870-0063


IZCARA PALACIOS, Simón Pedro. Migrant’s caravans, human smuggling economies and surplus labour. Andamios [online]. 2021, vol.18, n.45, pp.21-45.  Epub Sep 27, 2021. ISSN 2594-1917.

The objective of this article, based in interviews with ten migrant smugglers from the northeast of Mexico, is to examine the effect of the caravanization of migration in the human smuggling industry. We conclude that migrant smuggling networks operating in northeastern Mexico have been benefitted from the caravans, because the number of migrants arriving at the border has increased. Migrants of the caravans lack financial resources to pay smugglers fees; but they can offer unpaid surplus labour time as a means of payment. Women, recruited into the sex industry, are the most valuable for human smuggling economies because they produce in a less time of work the value of their wages.

Keywords : Migrant’s caravans; migrant smuggling; sex industry; surplus labour; Mexico.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )