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Revista de El Colegio de San Luis

versão On-line ISSN 2007-8846versão impressa ISSN 1665-899X

Resumo

RIVERA VILLANUEVA, José Antonio; RIOJAS LOPEZ, Mónica Elizabeth  e  MELLINK, Eric. The Tunal Grande and associated tuna groves. Habitat of hunter gatherers. Revista Col. San Luis [online]. 2019, vol.9, n.19, pp.151-176.  Epub 19-Nov-2020. ISSN 2007-8846.  https://doi.org/10.21696/rcsl9192019972.

In order to reassess the nomadic condition of the southern guachichiles, documentary, bibliographic and cartographic sources were analyzed and field work was carried out in order to define the geographical extension of the area of Tunal Grande. This proved that the tuna groves were far from being places of "misery, pain, suffering, fatigue, poverty, torment", as reported to Sahagun, and that the guachichiles of the Tunal Grande were not nomads. Besides, the location of the tuna groves helps to better understand the occupation and settlement forms of this region, as well as to understand the magnitude of the environmental changes in this region. Additionally, it is shown that Tunal Grande and Tunal Frontero provided an abundance of plant and animal resources to the ethnic groups that inhabited them and that the protection of the arborescent prickly pear of Charcas Viejas is of historical and biological interest.

Palavras-chave : Tunal Grande; guachichiles; chichimecas; San Luis Potosí; gatherers; hunters.

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