versão impressa ISSN 1665-8906
STEIGENGA, Timothy J.; PALMA, S. Irene e GIRON S., Carol L.. El transnacionalismo y la movilización colectiva de la comunidad maya en Júpiter, Florida: Ambigüedades en la identidad transnacional y la religión vivida. Migr. Inter [online]. 2008, vol.4, n.4, pp. 37-71. ISSN 1665-8906.
Certain elements of lived religion assist Jacaltec mayan immigrants in Jupiter to symbolically and practically recreate conceptions of 'home,' thereby providing a sense of aggregate identity that has facilitated collective action. A common sending community, ethnic and linguistic homogeneity, and the dominance of a single religious tradition combine with low levels of social/cultural acceptance of Jupiter's immigrants to produce what Alejandro Portes has called reactive ethnicity. But the relationship between identity and collective action is much more complex and ambiguous. When contextual factors are not favorable, divisions and other barriers to collective identity formation limit the possibility for collective action and expose differences within immigrant conceptions of home. Furthermore, the very factors that provide a sense of collective identity at the level of village, church, and ethnic group are likely to lead to divisions that inhibit collective action at an expanded level of identity (mayan, Hispanic, or immigrant). Thus, reactive ethnicity can negatively affect the social acceptance of immigrants in receiving communities and add to levels of inter-ethnic conflict.
Palavras-chave : transnational; lived religion; reactive ethnicity; Jupiter; Florida; Jacaltenango Guatemala.