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Latinoamérica. Revista de estudios Latinoamericanos

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6914versión impresa ISSN 1665-8574


MILNE, Natalia  y  ACOSTA OLAYA, Cristian. Yrigoyenismo, gaitanismo and Latin American populist movements in the first half of XX th century. Latinoamérica [online]. 2018, n.67, pp.95-118. ISSN 2448-6914.

This paper provides a first approach to a compared study between the Argentinean Yrigoyenista radicalism and the Colombian Gaitanista liberalism from a conceptual framework that understands both political processes as part of Populism, that is, as a political logic that establishes a polarization of the communal space, parting from the simultaneous inclusion and exclusion of adversaries and supporters of its solidarity scope, something that turns the people’s accretion an ever postponed task. Thus, the populist phenomenon serves us as a conceptual tool to think the similarities and differences between both processes parting from three analytical issues: a) the des-particularization of the antagonism, b) a monist concept of sovereignty and c) a proposal of reparation of the communal whole. Finally, we suggest some interpretative objections about the conceptualization of the Latin American populist movements, especially about its particular processing and conception of the otherness.

Palabras llave : Populism; “Yrigoyenism”; “Gaitanism”; Political Identities; otherness.

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