Latinoamérica. Revista de estudios Latinoamericanos
versión On-line ISSN 2448-6914versión impresa ISSN 1665-8574
The article analyzes the process of liberal reform of the petroleum Brazilian sector and the dispute for the generated revenue. The same process of restructuring of the production and use of mechanisms of the petroleum market, it facilitated the appropriation of the revenue of this sector across the break of the monopoly of the state company, being applied the model of concessions, situation who has affected in the attempt of reforming the legislation of the petroleum sector from a series of projects of law sent to the Congress of Brazil, in that there is claimed the creation of a new company, the Petrosal, the creation of a Social Fund and the application of a regime of shared production that allow the participation of the foreign companies and of "national" private companies.
Palabras llave : Oil Industry; Sectoral reform; Oil Income.