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Enfermería universitaria

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8421versión impresa ISSN 1665-7063


RAMIREZ ELIAS, Angélica. Legal Frame against Tobacco-Addiction: an Anti-Tobacco Campaign Reference. Enferm. univ [online]. 2011, vol.8, n.2, pp.39-45. ISSN 2395-8421.

Tobacco-addiction is one of the principal causes of preventable illnesses and premature deaths in the world. In Mexico, tobacco-addiction has become a more serious public health problem. Data from the last National Survey on Tobacco-Addiction suggest that its prevalence in developing countries has increased, its male-female consumption pattern has become more similar, and that it now starts at younger ages - the first years of adolescence. The World Health Organization (WHO) stated that tobacco now kills nearly six million people each year of whom more than 5 million are users and ex users and more than 600 000 are nonsmokers exposed to second-hand smoke; that unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030; and that nearly 80% of the world's one billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries. An Agreement Frame against Tobacco Addiction supported by the WHO is one of the international sanitary treaties against tobacco addiction in which Mexico has acknowledged the magnitude of the problem and its complications for both adults and children. The objective of this agreement is to provide a frame to identify measures to fight against tobacco-addiction in order to protect present and future generations from tobacco smoke inhalation and its sanitary, social, environmental, and economical consequences.

Palabras llave : tobacco-addiction prevention and control; health policies; tobacco smoke exposition.

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