Revista mexicana de ingeniería química
Print version ISSN 1665-2738
BECERRA-BRACAMONTES, F. et al. Effect of pH and sodium phosphate dibasic concentration on the swelling properties of chitosan hydrogels. Rev. Mex. Ing. Quím [online]. 2009, vol.8, n.1, pp. 121-126. ISSN 1665-2738.
In this work were prepared chitosan hydrogels by ionotropic gelation technique with sodium phosphate dibasic (SPD) in an aqueous acetic acid solution 2% v/v. The results obtained shows that the ionic interaction of the NH+3 groups liked to the chitosan chain with the SPD anionic groups is depending of the pH of the swelling solvent. Were studied the swelling properties of the chitosan/SPD in function the the swelling media pH (3, 5, 7, and 11) and the percentage of solids in the hydrogel (2, 3, and 4% w/w). In the acid swelling medium the swelling capacity of the hydrogels was higher respect to the capacities obtained in basic and neutral media; moreover with a percentage of solids of 2% w/w the swelling capacities were higher. An overshooting effect in the hydrogels was observed, followed by a lost in the volume of the hydrogels until the swelling equilibrium is attained.
Keywords : sodium phosphate dibasic; chitosan; hydrogels; swelling properties; pH.