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Innovación educativa (México, DF)

versão impressa ISSN 1665-2673

Resumo

JARAMILLO URRUTIA, Ignacio. The conceptual map as knowledge representation structure in virtual courses and its impact on visual learning in adult students. Innov. educ. (Méx. DF) [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.68, pp.49-72. ISSN 1665-2673.

The present article presents the final report of the results of the exploratory research project "Visual strategies applied in online courses and their impact on meaningful learning in adult students." The objective of the research was centered on determining the degree to which a visual strategy applied in online courses positively or negatively affects meaningful learning in adult students. To this end, theories of meaningful learning and the conceptual maps of Joseph Novak and David Ausubel, as well as Jorge Méndez's didactic functions and visual markers, were applied to the design of a rapid prototype of online courses. As an object of field analysis, an online course was taken on the Design of Learning Environments by Uniminuto, particularly the final unit called the Future of Educational Informatics. The sample: 12 adult students. The research question: How to design, plan and apply a visual strategy that considers didactic functions and image markers, theories of meaningful learning, the representation of knowledge through conceptual maps and the illustration of facts that adequately combine the use of direct perception, through evocation, and through representation, in online courses, promotes meaningful learning in adult students? The results: The design of a single strategy based on visual representations in online courses does not guarantee that the student learns meaningfully if his or her learning style is not taken into consideration.

Palavras-chave : Visual strategies; conceptual maps; meaningful learning; e-learning; electronic learning; online learning.

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