Tópicos del seminario
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1200
CARDENAS, Viviana. The Relationship between Semantics and Syntax from the Perspective of the Production of Written Language. Tóp. Sem [online]. 2010, n.23, pp. 241-289. ISSN 1665-1200.
The production of written language is a field of research that enables the formulation of the relationship between semantics, syntax and, at the same time, that of both with discourse. As a matter of fact, many times the meaning of a word has repercussions on the form in which the sentence is constructed and, simultaneously, it is the order of discourse which determines the meaning of the units and the relationships between them. If in the production of spoken language both processes seem to work automatically (Igoa-García Albea, 2000), written production of novice subjects in the fields of specialized discourse makes evident the way in which the semantic dimension is articulated or disarticulated with syntax and, on the other hand, the way in which discourse enables or not the relationships that become established between meaning and syntax. In order to take on the problem it is ineludible to treat the way in which formal theories solve the problem since they have sustained that the traits of words determine their combinatory properties of which sentences are the result (Bosque-Gutiérrez Rexach, 2009). However, when we observe the problem from the point of view of performing, the limit of these theories is automatic. From there it is interesting to discuss a different theory whose object is semantics over syntax. I refer to the gradual model of the linguistic entity proposed by François Rastier (2007) in whose framework a dynamics can be seen of the units and one can systemize the contextual relationships. In this way, it would be possible to recuperate the validity of his textual model of the sign in order to give an account of the production tasks.