Tópicos del seminario
versão impressa ISSN 1665-1200
CALAME, Claude. Referencial Fiction and Ritual Poetics: For a Pragmatics of Myth (Sappho 27 and Bachilides 13). Tóp. Sem [online]. 2008, n.20, pp. 21-41. ISSN 1665-1200.
Does myth in general and Greek myth in particular constitute a fiction? From the indigenous point of view and that of modern antropology, the answer is no. For the Greeks, the writings on the conflicts between gods and heroes constitute ancient history and history concerning the founding of civil communities. For historic anthropology, that supports itself on discourse análisis, myth only exists in and through poetic forms that fix pragmatics for this very reason, in a value of practical truth. Thanks to the reading of two Greek poems that correspond to sung performances of the ritual type, we can show that the ways of enunciation of heroic stories offered by these poems refer to the hic and nunc of their interpretation and, consequently, to the circumstances of their production whether they be religious, political or cultural. The posible World that they describe, through an interposed enunciative and poetic reference has an impact on the cultural community from which it emerges which is due to the a is due to the artistic work of the creating poet.