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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

TABOADA-ARANZA, Olga  y  RODRIGUEZ-NIETO, Karen. Prevalence of plaque and dental decay in the first permanent molar in a school population of south Mexico City. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2018, vol.75, n.2, pp.113-118. ISSN 1665-1146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/bmhim.m18000016.

Background:

The first permanent molar is susceptible to acquire tooth decay since its eruption, due to its anatomy and because it has been exposed before other teeth.

Method:

An observational, prolective, transversal and comparative study in 194 students, with an average age of 9.9 ± 1.8 years. The evaluation of the dentobacterial plate (DBP) was analyzed using the O’Leary index and the tooth decay experience with the DMFS (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling dental surfaces) and DMFT (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling per tooth) indexes.

Results:

The prevalence of DBP in the first permanent molar was of 99.4% and tooth decay of 57.2%. The value of DMFT was 1.4 ± 1.4. The tooth decay experience was higher in children from 7.10 years old with a value of 2.2 ± 2.3, who are 7.9 times more likely to develop lesions than younger children (odds ratio: 8.9; 95% confidence interval: 4.1-19.5; p < 0.0001). We found an association between age and the values of the tooth decay experience indexes; even though these were weak in the case of DMF (r = 0.439), the model allowed to explain 19% of the association, and 22% for DMFT (r = 0.464).

Conclusions:

Tooth decay develops rapidly in the first permanent molars; however, it does not receive the necessary care because it is usually unknown that it is a permanent tooth.

Palabras llave : Tooth decay; Dentobacterial plaque; Permanent first molar.

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