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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

PEREZ-ESCAMILLA, Rafael; RIZZOLI-CORDOBA, Antonio; ALONSO-CUEVAS, Aranzazú  y  REYES-MORALES, Hortensia. Advances in early childhood development: from neurons to big scale programs. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2017, vol.74, n.2, pp.86-97. ISSN 1665-1146.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2017.01.007.

Early childhood development (ECD) is the basis of countries’ economic and social development and their ability to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Gestation and the first three years of life are critical for children to have adequate physical, psychosocial, emotional and cognitive development for the rest of their lives. Nurturing care and protection of children during gestation and early childhood are necessary for the development of trillions of neurons and trillions of synapses necessary for development. ECD requires access to good nutrition and health services from gestation, responsive caregiving according to the child’s developmental stage, social protection and child welfare, and early stimulation and learning opportunities. Six actions are recommended to improve national ECD programs: expand political will and funding; create a supportive, evidence-based policy environment; build capacity through intersectoral coordination; ensure fair and transparent governance of programs and services; increase support for multidisciplinary research; and promote the development of leaders. Mexico has made significant progress under the leadership of the Health Ministry, but still faces significant challenges. The recent creation of a national intersectoral framework to enable ECD with support of international organizations and the participation of civil society organizations can help overcome these challenges.

Palabras llave : Early childhood development; Neuroscience; Growth and development; Monitoring and evaluation; Public policies.

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