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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

ZURITA CRUZ, Jessie Nallely et al. Pediatric patients with type 1-diabetes: growth and growth failure associated factors. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2016, vol.73, n.3, pp.174-180. ISSN 1665-1146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2016.03.002.

Background:

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) usually occurs in the pediatric age and affects the growth of children. The aim of this work was to describe growth and growth failure associated factors in a population of children with T1D in a tertiary level pediatric hospital.

Methods:

A case-control nested in a cohort study was conducted. We included patients with TD1 under 16 years of age with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Data as age at T1D diagnosis, anthropometry, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), as well as the pubertal development (Tanner stage) were collected at the time of diagnosis and during 4 years of follow-up. At the end of the follow-up, patients with growth failure and without it were compared, matched by sex, age at TD1 diagnosis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results:

On the first year of follow-up, 95 patients were gathered, 88 patients were still followed by the second year, 56 patients were kept for the third year, and 46 patients were still followed-up by the fourth year. Median age was 9.5 years and 50% were preadolescents. During their evolution, 50% had growth failure. According to the multivariate analysis, the factor associated with growth failure was the HbA1c in the first year post-diagnosis (OR 4.08; 95% CI 1.34-12.42).

Conclusions:

In the first year post-diagnosis of children with T1D, HbA1c was associated with growth failure.

Palabras llave : Type 1 diabetes; Growth; Child.

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