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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

DONOSO, Alejandro et al. Respiratory monitoring of pediatric patients in the Intensive Care Unit. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2016, vol.73, n.3, pp.149-165. ISSN 1665-1146.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2016.02.006.

Respiratory monitoring plays an important role in the care of children with acute respiratory failure. Therefore, its proper use and correct interpretation (recognizing which signals and variables should be prioritized) should help to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease and the effects of therapeutic interventions. In addition, ventilated patient monitoring, among other determinations, allows to evaluate various parameters of respiratory mechanics, know the status of the different components of the respiratory system and guide the adjustments of ventilatory therapy.

In this update, the usefulness of several techniques of respiratory monitoring including conventional respiratory monitoring and more recent methods are described. Moreover, basic concepts of mechanical ventilation, their interpretation and how the appropriate analysis of the information obtained can cause an impact on the clinical management of the patient are defined.

Palabras llave : Respiratory monitoring; Mechanical ventilation; Lung physiology; Ventilatory mechanics.

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