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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

MEJIA-ARANGURE, Juan Manuel. Molecular epidemiology of acute leukemia in children: causal model, interaction of three factors-susceptibility, environmental exposure and vulnerability period. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2016, vol.73, n.1, pp.55-63. ISSN 1665-1146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2015.12.005.

Acute leukemias have a huge morphological, cytogenetic and molecular heterogeneity and genetic polymorphisms associated with susceptibility. Every leukemia presents causal factors associated with the development of the disease. Particularly, when three factors are present, they result in the development of acute leukemia. These phenomena are susceptibility, environmental exposure and a period that, for this model, has been called the period of vulnerability. This framework shows how the concepts of molecular epidemiology have established a reference from which it is more feasible to identify the environmental factors associated with the development of leukemia in children. Subsequently, the arguments show that only susceptible children are likely to develop leukemia once exposed to an environmental factor. For additional exposure, if the child is not susceptible to leukemia, the disease does not develop. In addition, this exposure should occur during a time window when hematopoietic cells and their environment are more vulnerable to such interaction, causing the development of leukemia. This model seeks to predict the time when the leukemia develops and attempts to give a context in which the causality of childhood leukemia should be studied. This information can influence and reduce the risk of a child developing leukemia.

Palabras llave : Leukemias; Epidemiology; Causality; Children; Molecular epidemiology.

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