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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

ZAMORA-CHAVEZ, Antonio et al. Incontinentia pigmenti with defect in cellular immunity. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2015, vol.72, n.5, pp.325-332. ISSN 1665-1146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2015.08.003.

Background:

Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare, X-linked genetic disease and affects all ectoderm-derived tissues such as skin, appendages, eyes, teeth and central nervous system as well as disorders of varying degree of cellular immunity characterized by decreasing melanin in the epidermis and increase in the dermis. When the condition occurs in males, it is lethal.

Case report:

We present the case of a 2-month-old infant with severe incontinentia pigmenti confirmed by histological examination of skin biopsy. The condition evolved with severe neurological disorders and seizures along with severe cellular immune deficiency, which affected the development of severe infections and caused the death of the patient.

Conclusions:

The importance of early clinical diagnosis is highlighted along with the importance of multidisciplinary management of neurological disorders and infectious complications.

Palabras llave : Incontinentia pigmenti; Cellular immunodeficiency; Sepsis.

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