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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

OROZCO-VALERIO, María de Jesús; CELIS DE LA ROSA, Alfredo de Jesús; MENDEZ-MAGANA, Ana Cecilia  y  MIRANDA-ALTAMIRANO, Rodolfo Ariel. Epidemiologic profile of children with burns from the Civil Hospital of Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca", 2009-2011. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2015, vol.72, n.4, pp.249-256. ISSN 1665-1146.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmhimx.2015.07.007.

Background:

Burns are a public health problem, ranking among the 20 principal causes of morbidity in Mexico. Children are a more vulnerable group to suffer from these injuries. For that reason, we analyzed cases in order to gain a better comprehension and to propose preventive measures for this problem. The aim of the study was to determine the epidemiological profile of those injuries to allow us to plan and implement actions for burn prevention.

Methods:

We conducted a cross-sectional study that included demographic characteristics of the child, the parents and the burn injuries from children treated at this Burn Unit. Statistical analysis was done to calculate amounts, proportions and 95% confidence intervals.

Results:

The epidemiological profile of the injuries included males (63.4%) <5 years of age (65.2%) with educational level according to their age (56.2%). Parents of the included children were <35 years old with basic educational level. Burns were caused by hot water (56.2%) and occurred between noon and midnight (73.0%). The majority of the burns were shallow and deep second-degree or minor (69.2%) and affected <20% of body surface area (74.5%).

Conclusions:

This epidemiological profile paved the way for preventive actions beginning with scientific research to guide the actions in a progressive direction along with the cooperative actions of public and private institutions in the development of programs and strategies. The end result would be the establishment of a public policy for accidental injuries.

Palabras llave : Epidemiology; Burns; Children; Burns unit.

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