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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146


SAENZ-GOMEZ, Jessica; KARAM BECHARA, José  y  JAMAICA BALDERAS, Lourdes. Perinatal tuberculosis. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2015, vol.72, n.1, pp.61-65. ISSN 1665-1146.

Background: Perinatal tuberculosis is acquired during birth or during the early neonatal period. Although its incidence is unknown, a search was conducted in Medline and 28 cases were found of perinatal tuberculosis reported from 1983 to 2011. Diagnosis of this disease is important due to having nonspecific symptoms that are mistaken for other infectious diseases. The disease has a high mortality rate (60%); therefore, it requires prompt diagnostic suspicion by the medical staff to prevent a fatal outcome. Case report: We describe the case of a 3-month-old male whose 29-year-old mother died of septic shock at 15 days of delivery. The infant's condition began within 30 days of age with cough and difficulty breathing with a diagnosis of multiple foci pneumonia. The infant presented respiratory impairment, meriting change of antibiotics twice, without improvement. The autopsy report of the mother revealed peritoneal tuberculosis. PCR was carried out using tracheal aspirate and pleural fluid of the patient, which were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Perinatal diagnosis of tuberculosis was established. No hepatic granuloma was found. Conclusions: Perinatal infection should be suspected in children with sepsis and/or pneumonia unresponsive to antibiotics. In this care, the history of tuberculosis in the mother should have oriented the diagnosis.

Palabras llave : Tuberculosis; Perinatal; Mycobacterium; Pneumonia.

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