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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

PALOMERA GOMEZ, Héctor Guillermo et al. Carotid apex aneurysms in children: Case report. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2013, vol.70, n.5, pp.387-391. ISSN 1665-1146.

Background. Aneurysm malformations of the circle of Willis comprise a rare group of congenital anomalies that occur during the pediatric age and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this age group. Consequently, management of these lesions is complex and potentially lethal and may pose problems for the patient and affect their treatment. Case report. We report the case of a 10-year-old girl who had a sudden onset of neurogenic syncope and tonic-clonic seizures. After arriving at the emergency room, she underwent a CT scan, identifying a Fisher II subarachnoid hemorrhage. Four-vessel cerebral angiography identified apex saccular carotid injury ~5.1 x 7.2 mm with visible neck and dome partially cephalic and partially frontal. Right frontopterional craniotomy was performed and preclipping during trans-surgical ultrasound was performed, identifying the aneurysmal lesion and post-clipping to verify patency of the distal branches to clipping. Conclusions. Aneurysmal malformations in children are extremely rare. For this reason, methods such as endoscopy, trans- and postoperative ultrasound are very useful. These procedures sometimes reveal details that conventional imaging studies do not, determining use of a procedure with less risk of morbidity and mortality for these patients.

Palabras llave : cerebral aneurysm; aneurysmal rupture; subarachnoid hemorrhage; pediatric.

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