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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146


ARRIAGADA, Daniela; DONOSO, Alejandro; CRUCES, Pablo  y  DIAZ, Franco. Septic shock in ICU: update in hemodynamic monitoring. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2013, vol.70, n.4, pp.273-282. ISSN 1665-1146.

In recent decades, new and important concepts have emerged for the diagnosis and management of the pediatric patient with septic shock, although the basic principles have remained similar over time. Attending physicians in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) must be fully aware of these concepts in order to improve patient care in the critical care unit. Hemodynamic monitoring is a tool that not only allows detection of the source of hemodynamic instability but also guides treatment and assesses its effectiveness. Fluid loading is considered the first step in the resuscitation of hemodynamically unstable patients. Nevertheless, clinical determination of the intravascular volume can be extremely difficult in a critically ill patient. Studies performed have demonstrated that cardiac filling pressures are unable to predict fluid responsiveness. Dynamic tests of volume responsiveness use the change in stroke volume during mechanical ventilation assessing the patients' Frank-Starling curve. Through fluid challenge the clinician can assess whether the patient has a preload reserve that can be used to increase the stroke volume. In this review we updated the available information on basic and functional hemodynamic monitoring

Palabras llave : sepsis; septic shock; functional hemodynamic monitoring; fluid challenge; stroke volume; volume responsiveness.

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