Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146
MIRANDA LORA, América Liliana et al. Iatrotropic stimulus and lag time for pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2011, vol.68, n.6, pp. 419-424. ISSN 1665-1146.
Background. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a potentially curable disease where success of the treatment depends on the timely detection of the disease; therefore, it is important to identify those influencing factors during the prediagnostic period. The objective of this study was to describe the interval time from onset of symptoms attributable to the disease to the diagnostic confirmation in terms of elapsed time (lag-time), iatrotropic stimulus and received medical care, as well as to estimate the association of these factors with mortality. Methods. We reviewed 182 clinical files from pediatric patients with ALL in nine cancer treatment centers in Mexico and conducted interviews with their families to rebuild the run-up time until diagnosis. Results. We included 99 living patients and 83 patients who died; average age of the patients was 7.3 ± 4.7 years. The average time between symptom onset and diagnosis was 43.5 ± 22.5 days. Patients had an average of 2.3 consultations prior to diagnostic confirmation. The main reasons for requesting medical attention were asthenia and adynamia (47.4%), fever (44.8%), pallor (44.3%), hyperoxia/anorexia (20.9%) and headache (19.9%). The number of non-oncological physicians surveyed and number of consultations until diagnosis were protective factors for mortality (OR 0.77 and 0.64, respectively). Conclusions. Time between symptom onset and diagnostic confirmation is longer than what has been reported in developed countries mainly due to medical attention received. The number of physicians and number of prior consultations were protective factors for mortality, probably as a result of early detection and medical surveillance of nonspecific symptoms that lead to the presence of the disease.
Palabras llave : acute lymphoblastic leukemia; iatrotropic stimulus; lag-time; diagnostic delay.