Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146
Background. Ichtyosis is an infrequent clinical entity worldwide (1:300 000 births). When diagnosed in a newborn, we can identify two forms: collodion baby and its most severe form, harlequin fetus or maligna keratoma. In both cases, clinical manifestations are thick and hard skin with deep splits. The splits are more prominent in flexion areas. Moreover, we can observe ectropion in both eyes and deformities in the ears and nose, as well as inverted lips that resemble the mouth of a fish, among others signs. Case report. We report a case of a collodion baby who was kept in strict isolation to avoid any infection. However, due to purulent ocular secretions due to coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotic treatment was indicated. The evolution of the patient was favorable. Conclusions. Mortality of the collodion baby has decreased as a result of multidisciplinary care and opportune diagnosis and management.
Palabras llave : collodion baby; harlequin fetus; maligna keratoma; autosomal recessive ichthyosis.