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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

Print version ISSN 1665-1146

Abstract

MARTINEZ-SALGADO, Homero et al. Iron deficiency and anemia in Mexican children: Preventive and therapeutic interventions. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2008, vol.65, n.2, pp.86-99. ISSN 1665-1146.

Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide. In Mexico, in 2006, 37.8% of children under 2 years of age were diagnosed as anemic. Similarly, 20% of children between 2-5 years of age, as well as 16.6% of children between 5-11 years of age were diagnosed with anemia. Children 1-4 years of age consuming a Mexican diet ingest an adequate amount of iron (≈ 6.2 mg/day), but the intake of heme-iron is low, and ingestión of iron absorption inhibitors is high; thus, the overall iron bioavailability in the diet is poor (3.85%). Strategies to prevent and treat iron deficiency and anemia may be focused on either increasing the amount of ingested iron or lowering iron losses; whereas in the newborn, delayed umbilical cord clamping is advised. These strategies require a comprehensive and concerted aproach among institutions, governmental sectors, community active members, educators, risk groups, families, etc.

Keywords : Iron deficiency; anemia; children; Mexico; prevention; control.

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