Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146
JUAREZ-MUNOZ, Irina Elizabeth et al. Cholesterol and lipoprotein levels and hypercholesterolemia in adolescents of the México City. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2006, vol.63, n.3, pp. 162-168. ISSN 1665-1146.
Introduction. To know the cholesterol and lipoprotein levels in an adolescents group in Mexico City. Material and methods. We applied a questionnaire about family history of: myocardial infarction, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes mellitus. Cholesterol and lipoproteins measurement were performed in a group of adolescents. SPSS and EPID AT. V3 were used for statistics. Results. Four hundred thirty adolescents were studied, the mean age were 13 years old. We found 14% hypercholesterolemic family history, 5% coronary disease and 24.7% obesity. The mean lipid levels were: cholesterol 161.3 ± 36 mg/dL, triglycerides 103 ± 63 mg/dL, low density lipoprotein 91.6 ± 58 mg/dL, very low density lipoprotein 32.4 ± 64 mg/dL and high density lipoprotein 25.34 mg/dL, there were not difference between male and female; 259 (62%) adolescents presented normal cholesterol levels, 102 (24.6%) high borderline levels and 52 (12.6%) had hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion. The main cholesterol level found was 10% higher, frequency of high borderline cholesterol levels was 30% more and hypercholesterolemia frequency increase 40% in relation to previous reports
Palabras llave : Cholesterol; lipoproteins; hypercholesterolemi.