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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146


SAUCEDA-GARCIA, Juan Manuel et al. Psychosocial adaptation and psychopathology of children with enuresis and their siblings: A comparative study. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2006, vol.63, n.2, pp.107-114. ISSN 1665-1146.

Introduction. Behavioral disorders in children and adolescents with enuresis not due to general medical conditions are common. The objective of this study was to demonstrate differences in psychosocial adaptation between children with enuresis and their nonenuretic siblings. Material and methods. This was a cross sectional, comparative, observational and open study of 30 children 9 to 14 years of age with enuresis, referred to the psychiatrist by their family physicians, and their healthy siblings. Both groups of children and their parents responded the Columbia Impairment Scale, which assesses functional impairment and the parents responded the Child Behavior Checklist to assess their children's psychopathology. Data were analyzed with Spearman's correlation and . Results. Primary enuresis was the most common type (25). Parents used to employ punitive measures in an attempt to correct the symptom, besides ointments and herbal infusions. More than half of children with enuresis and none of their healthy siblings had clinical psychopathology scores in CBCL. Almost all children with enuresis (29) and only 2 of their siblings had functional impairment in CIS. Differences between both groups were significant. Conclusions. Children with enuresis showed more psychopathology and functional impairment than their healthy siblings. This may be due either to associated comorbidity or to bed-wetting itself. Corrective measures practiced by parents were useless or even aggressive. It is necessary for pediatricians and family physicians to give psychoeducation to parents of children with enuresis in order to correct culturally influenced distorted ideas on the causes and treatment of enuresis.

Palabras llave : Enuresis; bedwetting; children; psychopathology; adjustment; social.

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