Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146
FLORES-NAVA, Gerardo et al. Appendicitis in pediatric age: clinico-pathologic correlation. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2005, vol.62, n.3, pp. 195-201. ISSN 1665-1146.
Introduction.The surgeon has a classification for appendicitis based in a macroscopic view, but the pathologist reports the histopathologic features. Sometimes there are differences between those classifications. Objective: to compare the clinic macroscopic appendicitis classification with the histopatologic classification. Material and methods. Design: in a retrospective study, we reviewed the charts of children with the diagnosis of appendicitis in a 4 year and a half period. We analyze the age, sex, clinical picture, hematic cytology, x ray studies, complications, use of antibiotics, and compare the clinical diagnosis of the surgeons against the diagnosis of pathologist. Results.We reviewed 31 1 charts. The patient's age was 10 ± 12 years (mean ± sd), 56.2% were male, male/female ratio 1.2:1.The clinical picture was abdominal pain in 100%, vomiting in 81.3% and fever in 57.5% with 1.9 ± 1.5 days of evolution. In the hematic cytology 83.9% of they presented leucocytosis, neutrofilia in 98% and bandemia in 53.6%.The x ray findings were intestinal ileus 53.7% and psoas erased in 44%. The surgeon diagnosis was; normal appendices in 4.8%, acute appendicitis grade I en 1 1.2%, II in 25.7%, III in 12.2% and grade IV in 45.9%. In the hystopatologic diagnosis; normal 0.9%, incipient 4.1%, phlegmonous 8.3%, fibrin purulent 25.7%, gangrenous 15.7%, perforated 45.9%, with abscess 58.1 %, with peritonitis 80.7%, fecalith 3 1.8%, follicular hyperplasic 6.1 % and mesenteric adenitis in 3.2%. Conclusion. The correlation of the grade of appendicitis between the surgeon and the pathologist is good, however in any cases the surgeon underrated the grade of gravity of the appendicitis than the pathologist, but there are not more cases complicated.
Palabras llave : Appendicitis; abdominal pain; histopathology; pediatrics; children.