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Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México

versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146

Resumen

CEBALLOS-GONZALEZ, Angélica; VASQUEZ-GARIBAY, Edgar M.; NAPOLES-RODRIGUEZ, Francisco  y  SANCHEZ-TALAMANTES, Eva. Influence of associated factors on the nutritional status of preschool children attending a day care center system. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2005, vol.62, n.2, pp.104-116. ISSN 1665-1146.

Introduction. Objective: to identify the influence of associated factors to the nutritional status of preschool children attending a day care center system in the City of Guadalajara (Mexico). Material and methods. In a cross sectional study design 140 preschool children of 15-71 months of age were included. Deficit of -1 and -2 standard deviation (SD) of the anthropometrical indicators were also estimated. The family dynamic score of both parents was obtained exploring 8 parameters: I. Dynamics of the couple; II. Identity; III. Communication, expression and solidarity; IV. Authority; V. Conflict management; VI. Discipline and method; VII. System of values; VIII. Integration and isolation. The risk of malnutrition was also estimated. In a multiple regression model independent factors were included explaining the variation on anthropometric deficit and family dynamics. Results. Associated factors for weigh/height deficit: father's education (odds ratio [OR] 2.27); family dynamics score (mother) (OR 2.72); mother's occupation (OR 2.27) and cigarette consumption of fathers (OR 2.50). For height/age deficit: members in the family (OR 2.16) and family dynamics score (mother) (OR 8.6). Family monthly income and education of fathers explained the variation in the weight/height index (P <0.025). Conclusion. Dysfunction of the family dynamics, low income, number of members in the family, were risk factors for the nutritional status. Low income and education of fathers influenced the perception of both parents about their family dynamics.

Palabras llave : Family dynamic; nutritional status; preschool children.

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