Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versão impressa ISSN 1665-1146
SEGURA-STANFORD, Begoña et al. Comparison between the measurements obtained by magnetic resonance and digital angiography in patients with aortic coarctation. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2005, vol.62, n.2, pp. 96-103. ISSN 1665-1146.
Introduction. Quantitative aortic arch analysis may improve the selection of candidates for angioplasty who are most likely to benefit from the procedure. Digital angiography (DA) has traditionally been the definitive preoperative diagnostic procedure for aortic coarctation (AoCo), but magnetic resonance (MR) imaging affords good spatial resolution and excellent contrast between blood vessels and soft tissues and offers great potential for delineating thoracic cardiovascular structures. Material and methods. Forty nine patients with AoCo were examined with MR and DA between June 2002 and December 2003. The site and type of AoCo were determined and the measurements of aortic arch segments were obtained. We realized balloon angioplasty in 43 patients. Results. We compared the measurements using Pearson's linear correlation. The variability of the measurements was: ascending aorta 1.99-2.1 mm (standard deviation [SD] 2.7-2.8), aortic arch 1.79-2 mm (SD 2.55-2.99), aortic isthmus 1.53-1.56 mm (SD 2-2.17), and descending aorta 1.75-1.78 mm (SD 2.54-2.55). The lineal correlation of Pearson for measurements were; r =0.80-0.999 but the aortic arch was r =0.57 by MR. Conclusion. We conclude that quantitative MR measurements of aorta may be used to diagnose of AoCo and avoid using DA. To obtain precise measurements of aortic arch in patients with AoCo, MR should include 2 projections.
Palavras-chave : Aortic coarctation; juxtaductal; preductal; postductal; elongated; circumscribed; magnetic resonance; digital angiography.