Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México
versión impresa ISSN 1665-1146
MORALES AGUIRRE, José Juan; ORNELAS CARSOLIO, María Elena y GOMEZ BARRETO, Demóstenes. Infección por Mycobacterium Tuberculosis en pacientes infectados por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana. Bol. Med. Hosp. Infant. Mex. [online]. 2004, vol.61, n.1, pp. 87-98. ISSN 1665-1146.
Tuberculosis (Tb) is one of the most common infection observed in patients infected or not infected by HIV; HIV infected patients have a 50-fold risk than non-infected patients to develop Tb; it is worldwide estimated that 8 millions of persons are co-infected with Tb and HIV. Infected HIV patients with CD4 cells over 15% presents a clinical picture similar to non-infected cases; in severe inmunodeficient patients, clinical manifestations are hidden by the poor inflammatory response. On the other hand, patients co-infected with Tb and HIV have a higher risk to develop diseminated Tb forms, relapses, to be affected by multi-drug resistant Tb, and to present adverse anti-fimic reactions. Early prophylactic management are useful to prevent Tb in HIV infected patients.
Palabras llave : Tuberculosis; human immunodeficiency virus.