Archivos de cardiología de México
Print version ISSN 1405-9940
PEREZ-FERNANDEZ, Guillermo Alberto and GRAU-ABALO, Ricardo. From the prehypertensive adolescent to the hypertensive adult. Is possible to predict the conversion?. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2012, vol.82, n.2, pp. 112-119. ISSN 1405-9940.
Introduction: There are many risk factors for developing hypertension. In the XXI century, smarter ways to investigate are needed, so preventing the turning of an adolescent into a hypertensive adult must be a priority. Objective: The aim of this paper is to predict the risk of hypertension onset in adulthood, from cardiovascular tension and risk stratification since adolescence. Methods: A representative sample of 125 adolescents from the project "Pesquisaje Escolar en la Adolescencia de Hipertensión Arterial" (PESESCAD-HTA) was studied. They were diagnosed with prehypertension in 2001, and were followed for eight years (96 months) until January 2009. Results: Two predictive indexes were obtained. The first, based on the total cardiovascular risk and the second from the multiplication of these risks with an accuracy index for each of 61.6% and 70.4%, respectively. Conclusions: The index based on the multiplication of cardiovascular risk can predict, with adequate accuracy, the turning of a prehypertensive adolescent into hypertensive once he/ she reaches adulthood.
Keywords : High blood pressure; Pre-hypertension; Adolescence; Cardiovascular risk; Prediction; Cuba.