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Archivos de cardiología de México

versão On-line ISSN 1665-1731versão impressa ISSN 1405-9940

Resumo

ESTANOL, Bruno; PORRAS-BETANCOURT, Manuel; PADILLA-LEYVA, Miguel Ángel  e  SENTIES-MADRID, Horacio. A brief history of the baroreceptor reflex: From Claude Bernard to Arthur C. Guyton. Illustrated with some classical experiments. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2011, vol.81, n.4, pp.330-336. ISSN 1665-1731.

The baroreceptor reflex is poorly known by most physicians even though is fundamental in stabilizing the blood pressure on a beat to beat basis and is crucial for survival. Its fascinating history is briefy reviewed in this article. In 1852 Claude Bernard discovered that the sympathetic nerves of the neck innervate the blood vessels of the skin of the rabbit. Edgar Douglas Adrian in 1932 demonstrated that the sympathetic nerves that innervate the blood vessels discharge spontaneously at a rate of 4-6 per second and thus discovered the physiological basis of the vasomotor tone. In the XIX century Ludwig Traube and Karl Constantine Ewald Hering discovered that blood pressure fluctuates synchronously with respiratory movements and Sigmund Mayer observed that there are also slow non respiratory fluctuations of blood pressure. In 1921 Heinrich Ewald Hering found that high pressure baroreceptors are located in the carotid sinuses and demonstrated that the stimulation of the afferent nerve that innervates it induces bradycardia and hypotension. These studies were further advanced by Corneille Heymans who won the Nobel Prize for these studies in 1938. Later Cowley and Guyton produced sino-aortic denervation in dogs and thereby could demonstrate the fundamental importance of the baroreceptor reflex in the stabilization of blood pressure.

Palavras-chave : reflejo barorreceptor; Historia; Tono vasomotor; México; Baroreceptor reflex; History; Vasomotor tone; Mexico.

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