Archivos de cardiología de México
versión impresa ISSN 1405-9940
CARDENAS, Manuel y VALLEJO, Maite. Some socioeconomic characteristics of acute myocardial infarction patients in the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Comparison of two decades: 1954-1964 and 1997-2007. Arch. Cardiol. Méx. [online]. 2011, vol.81, n.2, pp. 87-92. ISSN 1405-9940.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare some social and economic conditions of patients with myocardial infarction (AMI), admitted to the Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez (INC-ICh), in two decades: 1954-1964 vs. 1997-2007. Study design: an observational and retrospective study was carried out. Method: All discharged patients between 1997-2007 with AMI diagnosis according to International Statistical Classification of Disease 10th Revision codes I 21 - I 21.9 were included. Information about age, sex, marital status, socioeconomic level, occupation and current address were obtained from the patient's file. The findings were compared with a previous published paper from 1954-64. Results: The number of AMI cases increased five times between both decades, and significant changes were observed in occupational activity and in the socioeconomic level. Conclusions: Some social and economic factors have changed over the years; however, age and gender of patients with AMI are variables that did not showed significant changes: most young patients are male, and women are older when they have a fist AMI.
Palabras llave : Myocardial Infarction; Epidemiology; Epidemiological transition; Chronic diseases; Mexico.